Long long ago, in the misty dawn of humankind the ancient ancestors of you and me woke in the morning and came together to eat and organize the tribal day.  The tribes had been developing the process of organizing in different ways for many generations, each generation teaching the next and adding new ways to contribute to their mutual needs.  Those needs included safety and protection for everyone, shelter, clothing and food, the making of tools and weapons and the caring for children, the aged, sick and infirm that could not care for themselves. Continue reading

The origins of advanced circle practice

Toke Moeller

From a Facebook post of Toke Paludan Moeller :

Some years ago, I was invited to come train Aboriginal Canadian leaders from the Cree, Dakota and Ojibwe tribes in Winnipeg, Canada in co-creative leadership. One of the female leaders told me that it was the Vikings who brought advanced circle practice to the Cree tribe. My assumption up until that moment had been that the Aboriginal Canadian peoples had been the most advanced in the use of the circle as a tool for dialogue and deliberation, and not my own tribe, the Vikings.
She continued, “The grandmothers of my tribe, who are the ones who keep our important stories alive, told me that more than a 1000 years ago, a Viking tribe sailed up the river and went ashore. When we discovered that they were as skilled warriors as ourselves, we welcomed them.

After a few months where trust had grown between us, they taught us how to use the circle for council deliberations and for making wise decisions on behalf of the tribe”. I was astounded and moved by this instruction in my ancestors’ skills, and I realised that being educated in taking responsibility as a citizen is a positive element of our Viking-DNA.
And we could easily work on strengthening that today.

– toke


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With only a modest range of tools, tribes of the North American Indians survived and thrived thanks to their customs and knowledge accumulated over centuries. Like many other native peoples, the wisdom of their old ways contains a remarkable, highly developed social technology that has been generally lost to recent generations: how to work together with enjoyment.

As austerity and tensions rise in societies around the world, as pressure on governments and social services increases, and as  stress from competition calls  corporations to ask for ever more from their employees, this technology is badly needed. Studies show that only a very tiny proportion of people actually enjoy being at work.

How to work together and enjoy it is akin in many ways to survival tools. It is fascinating to study tales of survival where identical crews go into identical lifeboats with identical supplies. Some made it – some didn’t. I am sure in these stories, too, the essence of the social technology we badly need to develop can be found.

Theory T calls for the development of these social technology tools – all  you need  to create productive, long-lasting and joyful work situations with everyone around you – family, volunteering and in corporate life.